英文: Contrast the signs of cocaine withdrawal and opiate
withdrawal, and the probable mechanisms involved.
中文: 对照古柯碱戒断症状和鸦片戒断症状的征兆和可能有关的机制。 更详细...
英文: Objective To review the neurochemical substrates of opiate
中文: 摘要目的综述阿片强化的神经化学机制。 更详细...
英文: Prompt and appropiate
treatment prevents its progression to blindness and death.
中文: 迅速有效的治疗可避免失明，甚至死亡的并发症。 更详细...
英文: Results and conclusions Dopamine and non-dopamine substrates, including opiate
, Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate and serotonin are well involved in the opiate
中文: 结果和结论阿片强化作用的产生与中脑边缘多巴胺能系统密切相关。 更详细...
英文: Results: Opiates were the main problem drug in China, of which the rates of heroin abuse were .8%, 8 .% and 9.9% in 99 , 99 and 000 survey, respectively, and those of opiate
abuse were .%, .% and .0%.
中文: 果 :阿片类是我国物质滥用者使用最多的成瘾物质 ,以海洛因和阿片为著 , 次调查海洛因使用率分别是 8%、8 %和 9 9% ,阿片分别是 % , %和 0 %。 更详细...